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Friday, August 2, 2013

Understanding Pediatric Medicine

The best way to understand pediatrics as a branch of medicine is to differentiate it from adult medicine. Unlike other specializations, pediatrics is almost similar to general medicine except its care only encompasses infants, children, and young adults. There's a sizable difference between the medication and treatment suitable for people of this age group and those for adults, which is why pediatrics is considered as an independent medical specialty.

The body of an adult is physiologically different from that of a young adult or an infant. Aside from size, they differ in maturation, a vital aspect in determining the potential side effects of a certain drug or treatment to patients. Generally, there are medications and treatment methods for adults that are not suitable for adolescents and younger individuals; some may even endanger their well-being.

Pediatric medicine is specifically concerned with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents who have less mature physiological structures. In this field, pediatricians deal with unique issues such as congenital defects, developmental problems, and genetic variance. These areas have no direct connection with the objectives of adult medicine.

Unlike a typical physician for adults, a pediatrician performs an extra mile of service by keeping an eye on patients throughout their childhood. This is to provide the physical, emotional, and social care the patient may need. On the other hand, in adult medicine, the doctor provides medical care only until the patient fully recovers.


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